History of Lucca
Lucca was first a Ligurian and then an Etruscan village and in 180 B.C. it became a Roman colony. Following the fall of the Roman empire, the Goths conquered Lucca and during the 6th century the town became the capital of the Lombard Duchy of Tuscia. When Duchy disappeared, Lucca became the capital of the Margraviate of Tuscany.